The EU’s legal base and national target
The legal base for nation RES target stems from the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of use of energy from RES. It was endorsed by EU institutions in April 2009. This directive sets:
- mandatory national targets for the overall share of RES among TPES as well as the target in transport sector,
- rules related to statistical transfers between EU member states,
- bio fuels and Bio liquids standards.
- 14 % share of RES among TPES (total final energy consumption),
- 10 % share of RES in transport sector.
The general strategy of support, promotion and exploitation of RES stems from various governmental documents, which represent subordinated legislation to basis created by Energy Act (adopted in 2012), Regulation Act (adopted in 2012) and mainly Act 209/2009 on support of RES: and Act 657/2004 on thermal energy sector:
- Energy Policy of the Slovak Republic (adopted in 2006),
- Strategy of higher utilization of RES (adopted in 2007),
- Energy Efficiency Concept of Slovak Republic (adopted in 2007),
- Energy Efficiency Action Plan for period 2008 – 2010 (adopted in 2007),
- Energy Security Strategy of the Slovak Republic (adopted in 2008),
- National Action Plan for energy from RES (adopted in 2010),
- Energy Efficiency Action Plan for period 2011 – 2013 (adopted in 2011).
- 15,3 % share of energy from RES in TPES,
- 24,0 % share of RES in electricity production,
- 14,6 % share of RES in heat produced in Slovakia,
- 10,0 % share of energy from RES in transport.
When it comes to heat, the prognosis is following:
Source: Slovak Innovation and Energy Agency (SIEA)
On field of electricity production, National Action Plan estimates this scenario:
Plan versus reality